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《Geology and Prospecting》 2002-02
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THE GENETIC RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PALYGORSKITE CLAY AND BASALT IN JIANGSU AND ANHUI PROVINCE

CHEN Tian-hu 1, XU Xiao-chun 1, YUE Shu-cang 1, LI Jin-zhong 2 (1. Department of Resources and Environment, Hefei University of Technology, China, Hefei 230009; 2. Jiangsu Geological Team, National Bureau of Building Materials Industry, Nanjing 21  
The chemical components of palygorskite, montmorillonite, palygorskite clay, montmorillonite clay, basalt, and weathering basalt were contrasted on the base of the research of mineral components. It is concluded that there is a deep genetic relation between the forming of palygorskite clay and basalt in space and time. With the characteristics of the palygorskite clay deposit, the genetic mechanisms were put forward. They are reactions between montmorillonite which come from weathering basalt with rich Mg 2+ solution, or crystallizations from rich Mg 2+ and alkaline solution. The matter forming palygorskite clay mainly come from chemical weathering of basalt and took place large chemical differentiation in weathering of basalt. The physicochemical conditions for the forming of palygorskite clays were alkaline and reduction.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目 (项目号 40 0 72 0 17)
【CateGory Index】: P619.2
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