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《Chinese Journal of Geology》 1973-04
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A PRELIMINARY NOTE ON BLOCK-FAULTING AND LAYER- GLIDING AND THEIR BEARING UPON THE DISTRIBUTION AND MECHANISM OF EARTHQUAKE

CHANG WEN-YOU, YEH HUNG, ZHONG JIA-YOU AND ZHANG MU-SHENG  
It is well known that the earth is an inhomogeneous body with its physical properties varying both with depth and lateral distance. The layered model and block 晄tructure of the earth have been widly accepted, however the tectonic movements of layer-gliding and block-faulting and their bearing upon the origin of earthquake motion have not yet been received much attention.In viewing the linear and the layer distributions of earthquake foci within the earth's crust and the uppen mantle, the processes of fault displacement and plane-sliding for earthquake movement are supposed. Accordingly, in reconstraction of the regional stress-field deduced from the parameters of earthquake mechanism, the focal depth must be taken into account.Thermo-expansion and gravitational contraction operating within different level in the earth as well as the change of speed of the earth's rotation and wobbling of earth's rotational axis are also considered in the present paper as possible causes of layer-gliding and block-faulting which may trigger earthquake, but in relation to thier mechanisms further detail works remain to be done.
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