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《Chinese Journal of Geology》 1976-01
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PALEO-OCEANIC CRUST OF THE CHILIENSHAN REGION, WESTERN CHINA AND ITS TECTONIC SIGNIFICANCE

WANG QUAN LIU XUEYA (Regional Geological Surveying Team No. 2, Garsu Geology Bureau)  
The remnants of Sinian, Mid-Cambrian and Early Ordovician oceanic crust and mantle are exposed almost continuously along the Chilienshan, in the northern margin of Tsaidam old land. They are distributed along four parallel belts in the Chilienshan, with a total length of about 600-1000 km. The remnants of the oceanic crust and mantle of the region, which occur only in the hanging wall of the deep thrust faults, are composed of four principal units of the same component, such as the peridotite, harzburgite, tholeiite, spilite, radiolarian chert, siliceous limestone and graywacke.On the basis of the recent investigations at least four underthrusting zones have been found to exist during the Palaeozoic and extend for a width of 200 km within the Chilienshan region. The geological features (stratigraphy, structure and lithology) involved are discussed separately in detail by the authors.
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