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《Chinese Journal of Geology》 1981-02
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PLEISTOCENE CLIMATIC CYCLES AND VARIATION OF CaCO3 CONTENTS IN A LOESS PROFILE

Lu Yanchou(Institute of Geology,National Bureau of Seismology,Beijing)  
There are 13 loess units and 14 fossil soil layers in a Middle-late pleistocene profile with thickness of 76 M in Loud man,Shanxi Province.On the basis of weathering-pedogenic degree,the loess units may be divided into the weak pedogenic,medium pedogenic and strong pedogenic loess,whereas the soil layers into the black-loessial soil,earbonate drab soil,drab soil,luvic drab soil and drab-brown earth,respectively (Lu and An,1979).The statistical tests including analyses of variance and regression of the relationship between percentage of CaCO3,and the ratios of microline (Mm)/quartz (Mq) and calcite (Me)/quartz (Mq) in loess and soil layers indicate that: (1) significant difference presents among the three,classes of loess and five types of soil in the profile;(2) a positive linear relation exists between the percentage of CaCO3 and Mm/Mq ratio,and both two factors decrease from the weak pedogenic loess to the drab-brown earth.As a result,by taking CaCO3 contents in the different levels in the profile as an index,it is possible to characterize the bio-climatic environments in which loess units or soil layers were formed.Using two hypothetic age models constructed on the basis of the available data of magneto-stratigraphy,radiocarbonate date and TL date,we have made a spectral analysis of the time series of CaCO3 percentage as a climatic variable.All the spectra calculated for variation in CaCO3 percentage over the past 700,000 years exhibit a dominative spectral peak corresponding to a cycle of 41,700 years (Model I) or 25,000 years (Model Ⅱ).These climatic cycles have also been,recorded by deep-sea sediments in the southern Indian Ocean (Hays,J.D.et al.,1976),and correspond to the cycles of obliquity and precession variation of earth's axis,respectively.It seems that an important factor to control long-term change of climate is the variation in the earth's orbital geometry.
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