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《Chinese Journal of Geology》 1987-01
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THE DEPOSITIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF THE LATE PERMIAN IN THE MATAN AREA, HESHAN COUNTY, GUANGXI PROVINCE

Jin Huijuan(Lanzhou Institute of Geology, Academia Sinica, Lanzhou)Li Juying(Institute of Geology, Academia Sinica, Beijing)  
The characteristics of depositional environment of Heshan and Dalong Formations, Late Permian in the Matan area, Heshan county, are studied in this paper based on petrological, fos-sil-petrological and trace fossil data.The Heshan Formation is made up basically ef limestones interlayered with four beds of coal. It's sedimentological characteristics are as follows:1. Horizontalbbedding typifying low-energy and quiet envirnoment, and wavy bedding formed under tide action.2. Micro-paleobiota with abundant Gymnocodium living in the lower part of intertidal subtidal zone. There are some ostracades and forminifera living in the confined lows with low energy and abnormal salinity of intertidal zone. There is no evidence about the biota living in normal shallow sea.3. The biota of normal shallow sea are located brequently on the bedding surface or concentrated as bioclastic interlayers They are products brought into tidal flats by ride current or storm.4. Various trace fossils were found in many layers. Among them skolithos, small planli-tes and phycodes(P) used to live in intersubtidal shallow water. 5. On some bedding surfaces there exists bird-eye and dry cracking-like structure formed in deposits of showt term exposition.6. All the rocks studied can be classified as micritelimestone.On the basis of the above characteristics it is thought that the Heshan Formation was formed in tidal flat with intertidal and subtidal shallow water environment. It was connected with the open sea during transgression, spring tide or violent storm.Dalong Formation is a set of strata consisting of pyroclastic rocks. Turbidite consisted of pyroclastics are developed quite well:1. There are distinct Bouma Sequences. The divisions A. C. and E were especially well developed. Organisms such as Ammonite, siliceous radiolaria and siliceous spicule occur in division E of the Bouma Sequence.2. There also exist trace fossils of deep qwater environment such as Chondrites, big pla-nolites and Rind Burrow.
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