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《Chinese Journal of Geology》 1992-S1
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ON THE AGE OF HONGQIYINGZI GROUP AND GEOLOGICAL THERMAL EVENTS IN UNDERGONE

Wang Qichao(Regional G eological Survey Team, Hebei Bureau of Geology and mineral resources)  
Hongqiyingzi Group (i. e. The upper part of Dantazi Group in broad sense) is distributed widely in the eastern part of Nei Mongol Axis and Yanshan Platformal Fold Belt. It is a set of metamorphosed volcanic-sedimentary rocks of amphibolite facis. Because of the strata rich in water, the daughter isotopes could beactivated and transferred during geological thermal events, which result in younger age usually. Although clastic zircons remain, the age obtained from their U -Pb uniformity lines has been known to be those sealed during the early metamorphism of geological thermal events later. The age 2450±Ma of the main spisode of late Archean metamorphism was obtained for the strata and for underlying groups. Considering of poor water content in the instrusions and the sealing effects of their formation temperatures on the isotopes, their formation ages could be easily traced; So diorites, granites and other rocks intruded inside Hongqiyingzi Group have been age-determined older than 24-50Ma. Furthermore, the meta-basic lava of the same characteristics occuring in the middle part of this group has been age-determined 2600±100 Ma by Sm-Nd model age. For reasons above, Hongqiyingzi Group should belong, to the late stage of late Archean, undergone the early Proterozoic geological thermal events of 2350, 2200, 2050, 1850 and 1700Ma. This conclusion is drawn ofter analysis and study on various kinds of age-determination values, and considering the overlying strata Changcheng System which has not been metamorphosed and can be compared to the same layers distributed over the up lift and marginal parts of Yanshan Platformal Fold Belt in respect of layer sequences, marker beds and iron deposite types. Therefore, it is not rational to ignore the geological ages and geological relations and to put Hongqiyingzi Group into early Palaeozoicera just only by the so-called "microfossils with special characteristics" found in it.
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