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《Geological Review》 1996-03
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THE BOUNDARY BETWEEN DIAGENESIS AND METAMORPHISM——A DISCUSSION WITH REFERENCE TO ZEOLITE FACIES

Liu Yiqun(Geol. Dept. Northwest Univ. , Xi'an, Shaanxi)  
Laumontite in the Triassic of the Turpan-Hami and Ordos basins gives two typical examples of laumontite belonging to diagenetic facies. On the basis of the data of vitrinite reflectance, inclusion geothermometry, transformation of clay minerals, color and TAI of sporopollen and temperature logging as well as examination of sections, the author suggests that the sandstones of the Upper Triassic Yanchang Formation in the eastern sector of the Ordos basin were formed at the mature stage of mesodiagenesis at temperatures in the range of 80-120 ℃, while the temperatures of the oil-bearing beds Chang4+5- Chang7 where laumontite is present were about 89-101℃. The laumontite-bearing beds of the Middle Triassic in the Hami depression is presently at the supermature stage of organic matter, the corresponding diagenetic temperature being about 140℃.Laumontite must have formed by precipitation from pore liquids at conditions of high pH, lower PCO2 and XCO2, high concentration of NaCl ions and high ion activity of Ca and Si. It was mainly derived from hydration of volcanic matter and from albitization of feldspars.Because the assumption of laumontite as delimiting the lowest metamorphic facies has no practical significance, it is proposed that the zeolite facies be rejected and that the term an-chimetamorphic zone be used to designate the extensive transitional zone between diagenesis'and metamorphism. The features determining that rocks reach the metamorphic stage should be as follows: closely packed grains, absence of pores or cements, and characteristic mineral assmblages including paragonite, rectorite, pyrophyllite, chlorozeolite, dickite, epidote, illite(2M1), chlorite ( II b, β=97°) and sericite formed by recrystallization or metamorphic recrystallization at temperatures of 200 ℃ and R0 values of 2. 5% ; the stage is also characterized by schistosity and illite crystallinity of IC = 0. 42°/0. 25°△2θ(Kubler indices) as well as other quantitative parameters of orgenic matter.
【CateGory Index】: P588.2
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