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《Geological Review》 2004-01
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Tectonic Movement Since the Neogene——a Significant Factorof the Formation of the Gas Reservoirs in China

WANG Tingbin Exploration and Production Research Institute, SINOPEC, Beijing, 100083  
The tectonic movement that occurred since the Neogene has been the major developmental and evolutional stage of the latest global crustal deformation and orogenic movement. Being located in a triangular area bounded by the Indian landmass, west Siberian landmass and Pacific plate, China has been characterized by relatively active tectonic movements since the Neogene, and natural gas will be very easy to dissipate, or difficult to be preserved. Therefore, the characteristics of the tectonic movements since the Neogene are considered as an unnegligible and important geological factor in the research of the formation and preservation of gas reservoirs in China. Through summarizing the generation processes of the gas fields in China one can see that although there are some differences in various basins, they are all affected by tectonic movements occurring since the Neogene. The tectonic movements since the Neogene have caused certain damages to the generation and distribution of natural gas in China, resulting in a certain dissipation of natural gas in some basins. As a whole, however, they are favorable for the generation of reservoirs and accumulation of natural gas. (1) A series of China-type foreland basins have been formed between basins and ridges in western China, where favorable conditions would be formed to the formation of large and medium gas fields, as well as controlling the finalization of gas reservoirs in the basins. (2) Rows and belts of anticlines have been formed in the Sichuan basin in central China, which was in the major stage of the generation and finalization of gas reservoirs in the Sichuan basin; the integral and quick rising and lifting, and further west dipping in the Ordos basin have resulted in a further accumulation of natural gas in the gas fields from Jingbian to Uxin B. (3 ) In eastern China, the Bohai movement that happened at the end of the Pliocene created a favorable geological condition to the lately formed gas reservoirs in the Bohai Sea area composed mainly of the Bozhong depression; it also resulted generation of secondary hydrocarbon and secondary gas reservoirs in other basins, as well as the formation of a lot of inorganic origin carbon dioxide gas fields. (4) In the offshore area, such movements promoted not only the generation of gas reservoirs of organic origin, but also the formation of non-hydrocarbon gas reservoirs of inorganic origin, as well as natural gas of organic-inorganic-mixed origin, which would resulted in relatively complicated characteristics of gas reservoirs in the area. In short, the tectonic movements that have been active since the Neogene resulted in a reservoir-forming model characterized mainly by late and super late hydrocarbon generation and accumulation. It is an important geological history that should not be neglected while doing researches of the formation of gas reservoirs in China.
【CateGory Index】: P618.13
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