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《Discovery of Nature》 1986-03
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BIOSYNTHESIS AND ROLE OF ETHYLENE IN FRUITS DURING RIPENING

Liu Yu Shanghai Institute of Plant Physiology, Academia Sinica  
Ethylene is an important plant hormone regulating many aspects of plant growth and devel-opment, especially ripening of fruits. The pathway in related to ethylene biosynthesis has beenestablished as: Met→SAM→ACC→C_2H_4→MACC in fruits. During the commencement of ripeningof fruits, the increase in ethyene production coincides with the development of EFE, which isfollowed by the increase in ACC level and MACC is gradually accumulated during ripening andsenescence. The ethylene production in fruits is regulated by "tree factor" and ethylene itself.The role of ethylene in inducing autocatalytic production of ethylene and the associated ripeningprocesses is discussed.
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