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《EXPLORATION OF NATURE》 1997-03
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ENVIRONMENT CHANGES IN THE TARIM BASIN SINCE 12000AB.P.

Li Zhizhong (Department of Geo & Ocean Sciences,Nanjing University,Nanjing,Jiangsu 210093) (Department of Geography,Xinjiang Normal University,Urumqi,Xinjiang 830053)  
The Tarim Basin in the south of Xinjiang is the biggest basin in China,and the Basin is also one of the area in which a large scale irrigated agriculture has been developed for a very long time.However,when presenting a contrast between the cultivation areas of the ancient times and that of the modern times,the evidences of environment changes happened in the Basin would be found.In this paper,based on analysing synthetically the observation data about stratigraphical,archaeological and treering chronological records,the author belieaved that since 12000aB.P,the Basin has been under the control of desert environment,which of similar to modern enironment in many ways.Although the climate situation such as dry and wet condition has been fluctuated in slighter degree under the influenec of global changes,the fluctuation could not be able to change the whole feature of the dry environment of the Basin.Although there are some natural conditions such as dry and windy,absence of water and vegitation etc.in the Basin and these latent conditions could be able to make the existence environment become bad,environment events including that river and lakes dried,desert expanded,which took place during the history epoch,were mainly resulted from human activities which changed the area distribution of surface water.Thus,we should draw a history lesson making use of water resouces rationally and keeping a balance between water and land when we made further develoment of natural resorces of the Basin.
【CateGory Index】: R224-02
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