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《Acta Seismologica Sinica》 2009-02
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Characteristics of coseismic water level change in Tangshan well induced by M_S8.0 Wenchuan earthquake and its large aftershocks

Yin Baojun1,2,3), Ma Li2) Chen Huizhong2) Huang Jianping2,4) Zhang Chaojun5) Wang Wuxing2,4) 1) Institute of Geophysics, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing 100081, China 2) Institute of Earthquake Science, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing 100036, China 3) Earthquake Administration of Tangshan City, Tangshan 063000, China 4) Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China 5) China Earthquake Networks Center, Beijing 100045, China  
Wenchuan MS8.0 earthquake and its 15 large aftershocks(MS≥5.4) induced coseismic water level change in the Tangshan well. We statistically analyzed the correlation between the coseismic variation parameters (such as maximum amplitude of oscillations, duration of variation, coseismic stepwise change and difference of variation time) and earthquake parameters (such as magnitude, epicenter distance and focal depth, and corresponding seismic phase type at the same time when the maximum variation amplitude appeared. Seismic phases were recorded by Dohe station, about 16.3 km away from the well). We drew the following conclusions: The main factor affecting water level change is earthquake magnitude, and the epicenter distance and focal depth have a little affection. MS magnitude is the best choice for analyzing coseismic water level variation in comparison with MW and ML. There exists good correlation between the stepwise change amplitude and duration of water level oscillation and the maximum water level change amplitude. They are all caused by dynamic strain induced by seismic waves. The appearing time of maximum amplitude of seismic oscillation is between the arrival of S wave and Rayleigh wave. The water level response is the co-effect of the arrived seismic waves and hydro-geological environment variation.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(40574020);; 中国地震局地震预测研究所基本科研业务项目(0207690236)资助;; 中国地震局地球物理研究所论著09AC1010
【CateGory Index】: P315.723
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