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《Acta Geological Sinica》 1977-02
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AN OUTLINE OFTHE TECTONIC CHARACTERISTICS OF CHINA

T. K. Huang, Jen Chi-shun, Jiang Chun-fa Chang Chih-meng and Xu Zhi-qin  
The major tectonic units of. China, suggested in several previous articles, are briefly described, with important revisions and supplements: These include four Precambrian platforms and a number of Palaeozoic geosynclines mostly of eugeosynclinal character. The variation of crustal thickness in different parts of our country is discussed. Emphasis is laid on the classification of depth fractures (deep faults) and the main characteristics of the principal depth fractures in China are elucidated. Since the Indosinian Orogeny came into being, a fundamental change in tectonic pattern took place, and since then the tectonic development of China was dominated by three tectonic domains: The Pal-Asiatic Tectonic Domain (mainly Variscan), the Marginal Pacific Tectonic Domain and the Tethys-Himalayan Tectonic Domain. The M-P is characterized by Indosinian, Himalayan and particularly Yenshanian orogeny with corresponding magmatism and basin deposition, which might have been the product of the interaction between the Pacific plate and the Asiatic plate. The T-H is characterized by Indosinian, Yenshanian and particularly Himalayan orogeny with the formation of geosynclinal fold belts of corresponding age. The Himalayan folding is apparently the product of the collision between the Asiatic plate and the Indian Craton, but the mesozoic folds might have come into existence as the result of subduction by a Tethyan oceanic plate of unknown extension. The polycyclic evolution of the tectonics of China is remarkable, and this is particularly revealed in eugeosynclinal regions, where (like the Tienshan and the Nanshan) polycyclic orogeny is closely accompanied by polycyelic sedimentation, polycyclic magmatism, polycyclic metamorphism and polycyclic metallogenesis. Plate motions also appear to be polycyclic.
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