THE CARBONIFEROUS SYSTEM OF CHINA
Yang Shipu (Wuhan College of Geology) Hou Hungfei, Gao Lianda, Wang Zengji (Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences) Wu Xianghe (Geological Bureau of Guizhou)
The Carboniferous System of China is chiefly distributed in the Tienshan-Xingan geosyncline of North China, in the Yangtze paraplatform of South China and in the Kunlun-Qinling, Western Yunnan-Himalaya geosynclines of Western China. On the basis of both the characteristics and the origin of the marine faunas, three palaeobiogeographical provinces may be differentiated during the early Lower Carboniferous epoch in China: 1) South China Province (Chinese type), 2) Northern China Province (mainly Siberian—North American type), and 3) Western China Province (mixed type of South and Northern China). In the later epoch of the Lower Carboniferous the 3 provinces seemed to have combined into unified Chinese See and formed actually a part of the extensive Tethys of Eastern Asia. A correlation of the Carboniferous within China and an intercontinental correlation of it as well as boundaries between biostratigraphical subdivision of Carboniferous System are discussed in this paper.