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《Acta Geological Sinica》 1982-03
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APPLICATION OF PALAEOANTHROPOLOGY AND ARCHAEOLOGY TO SETTING UP QUATERNARY STANDARD-SECTIONS IN CHINA

Jia Lanpo Wei Qi (Institute of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Palaeoanthropology, Academia Sinica)  
The origion and development of Human being is an important event of epoch-making significance in Quaternary. For this reason, some people called Quaternary as Anthropozoic or Psychozoic era. Though these two terms have not been used extensively, the appearance of man should mark the beginning of Quaternary. This is a current view held by most people.Various Criteria, according to practical conditions, have been used in different countrios to divide or subdivide the Quaternary. For example, the glacial and. interglacial stages used in Europe are hardly applicable in Central Africa.In China materials of primitive man and culture are so widely distributed that it is better to apply them to the division and subdivision of the Quaternary of China, especially because the development of Human beings and their culture was quite fast, and it is very easy for us to trace out their changing stages.About 100 primitive man and culture sites have been so far reported in China, and probably more remain to be reported. According to the materials of these sites, We might draw up a scale of the development of Human beings and their culture to show the changes in various stages of Quaternary.As mentioned above, we propose to use palcoanthropology and Archaeology to subdivide the Quaternary as follows in ascending order:Lower Pleistocene Series:1) Hsihoutu Formation, 2) Yuanmou Formation, 3) Huiyu Formation.Middle Pleistocene Series:1) Gongwangling Formation, 2) Choukoutien Formation, 3) Hsuchayao Formation.Upper Pleistocene Series :1) Tingtsun Formation, 2) Sjara-osso-gol Formation, 3) Shiyu Formation, 4) Hsiachuan Formation, 5) Upper Cave Formation.Holocene Series:1) Djalai-nor Formation, 2) Peiligang Formation, 3) Yingezhuang Formation, 4) Dingjiabao Formation, 5) Liubintun Formation.
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