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《Acta Geologica Sinica》 1996-01
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BEHAVIOURS OF REE AND OTHER TRACE ELEMENTS DURING PEDOLOGICAL WEATHERING——EVIDENCE FROM CHEMICAL LEACHING OF LOESS AND PALEOSOL FROM THE LUOCHUAN SECTION IN CENTRAL CHINA

Chen Jun, Wang Hongtao,(Department of Earth Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu)and Lu Huayu(Key Lab, of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xian'an, Shaanxi)  
The Luochuan loess - paleosol sequence in the Loess Plateau of central China has served as the type section for measuring global climatic changes during the Quaternary. Eight samples, including four loess (LH012, LH017, LH022, LH031), three paleosol (LH025, LH027, LH028) and one calcareous concretion (LH030), have been taken from the uppermost part of the section and been subjected to chemical leaching and analyses in order to investigate the behaviours of major, trace and rare earth elements (REE) during pedological weathering under arid -semiarid climate conditions.The acid-soluble (AS) fraction of these loess-paleosol samples seems to be mainly composed of carbonates with minor amount of oxyhydroxide coatings while the acid-insoluble (AI) phase appears to be a resistant fraction of inherited aerosol. Elements associated with carbonates, such as Na, Ca, Mg and Sr, therefore, display the most mobile behaviour during pedological weathering and can serve as an indicator of climate changes, whereas elements mainly distributed in the AI phase, such as Al, K, Ba,.Rb and REE, express the immobile character and can be used to trace the provenance of loess and paleosol.
【CateGory Index】: P512.2
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