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《Acta Geologica Sinica》 1997-04
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CHEMICAL KINETIC MODELS OF GENERATION OF GAS BY VARIOUS GROUPS IN CRUDE OIL AND THEIR CALIBRATION

Lu Shuangfang, Fu Xiaotai, Chen Xin, Qu Jiayan and Xue Shangyi(Daqing Petroleum Institute, Anda, Heilong jiang)  
Based on the data acquired from isothermal pyrolysis in a sealed vessel and from the combination of constant heating pyrolysis and the PY - GC technique, the authors constructed and calibrated the chemical kinetic models of gas generation from various groups of crude oil. i. e. saturated hydrocarbons . aromatics , nonhydrocarbons and aspheltenes respectively in this paper. The results indicate that the process of gas generation from different groups in crude oil can be described by parallel first-order reactions, but the average activation energy and distribution characteristics of activation energy for different groups may be different obviously. As for the average activation energy of gas generation, that of nonhydrocarbons and aspheitenes is the lowest and that of aromatics the highest, while that of saturated hydrocarbons is intermediate between the above two. As for the low value of activation energy distribution, that of nonhydrocarbons is lower, and that of saturated hydrocarbons higher, with that of aromatics and aspheltenes being intermediate between the above two. The onset and rate of gas generation from these groups in geological conditions depend on the chemical kinetical characteristics mentioned above. Thus the process of conversion of oil to gas can be described quantitatively and dynamically by the superim-position of the kinetic processes of gas generation by various groups.
【CateGory Index】: P618.13
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