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《Acta Geologica Sinica》 1998-04
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Intergrated Study of the Golmud-Ejin Geoscience Transect

Wu Gongjian(Institute of Geology, CAGS, Beijing, 100037)  
The Golmud - Ejin geoscience transect traverses the Kunlun, Qilian and Northern Beishan tectonic belts from south to north. In the geoscience transect, five tectostratigraphic terranes, i. e. the Qaidam - North Kunlun, South-central Qilian, North Qilian, Southern Beishan and Northern Beishan terranes, and five terrane boundary faults, i. e. the Central Kunlun fault, North Juniil fault, North boundary fault of Central Qilian, Kuantanshan fault and Skibanjing-Xiao Huangshan boundary fault, may be distinguished. The Moho depth is 50-70 km and reaches a maximum 74 km in the Juhong Tu area south of the Har Lake in the Southern Qilian, indicating the existence of the mountain root there. The thickness of the lithosphere is 140-150 km. The landsat images and continental seismic reflection profiling indicate that the Qinghai -Tibet plateau is an independent lithospheric tectonic unit. The northern boundary of the plateau should be the Kuantanskan fault, which is most likely to the eastward extension of the Altun fault. The stress field model calculation indicates that the uplift of the Qilian Mountains mainly resulted from crustal compression both from the north and south sides. The face-to face movement of the lithospheric blocks on both sides of the Qilian Mountains caused them to plunge beneath the mountains, thus leading to the uplift of the upper part of the lithosphere and the shortening and thickening of the lower part of the lithosphere. So a thickened lithospheric root was formed.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(编号49234080);; 原地质矿产部深部项目(编号8506201)
【CateGory Index】: P542.3
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