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《Journal of Disaster Pnevention and Mitigation Engineering》 2004-04
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A Simplified Analysis of Interaction of Soils and Pile in Passive State

LUAN Mao-tian~(1,2,3), HAN Li-juan~1, NIAN Ting-kai~(1,2), KONG De-sen~1 (1.Institute of Geotechnical Engineering, School of Civil and Hydraulic Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, ering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China; 3.Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, The Academy of Sciences of China, Wuhan 430071, China)  
Study on interaction of soil and pile in passive state has been increasingly carried out for several years. The majority of piles are designed to support "active" loadings, however, in some cases the piles have to withstand "passive" loading, such as loads induced by lateral movement of soils surrounding the piles under ground surcharge or building construction. In this paper, reaction behaviors of passive pile and surrounding soils under surcharge applied at the ground surface are investigated respectively. Based on the compatibility condition of deformation of pile and surrounding soils, the formulae of lateral earth pressure on pile is presented. And then the partial differential equation governing deflection of pile is established and is numerically solved by combining non-linear p-y relationship curve of pile and finite difference procedure. Through an example analysis, the reasonableness and applicability of the proposed method are verified. It is shown that this simplified method will be useful in evaluating the interaction behavior of pile and soils in passive state. Comparative computations are made for different combinations of various related parameters to examine the effects of these factors on the performance of passive pile under surcharge.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(10172022);; 国家教育部跨世纪优秀人才培养计划研究基金资助项目(教技函[1999]2号)
【CateGory Index】: TU473.1
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