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《地质学报(英文版)》 1995-01
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Metamorphism of the Bikou Group in the Shanxi-Gausu-Sichuan Border Region

Wei ChunjingDepartment of Geology, Peking U niversity, Beijing Fei Zhenbi  
The Blkou Group on the Shaanxi-Gansu-Sichuan border is composed of Mid-Late Proterozoic metamorphosed bimodal volcanic rocks and flysch sediments. Its metamorphism may be divided into the blueschist and greenschist facies. Three metamorphlc zones, i.e. zones A, B, and C, may be distinguished on the basis of the field distribution of metamorphlc rocks and the variation of b0 values of muscovite. Blueschists are characterized by coexistence of sodic amphiboles and epidote and occur as stripes or relict patches in extensive greenschists of zone A. Studies of metamorphic minerals such as amphiboles, chlorite, epidote and muscovite and their textural relationships indicate that blueschists and greenschists were not formed under the same metamorphic physico-chemical conditions. The blueschist facies was formed at temperatures of 300-400℃ and pressures of 0.5-0.6 GPa. The greenschist facies in zones A and B has similar temperatures but its pressure is only 0.4 GPa or so. The transition from the blueschist to greenschist facies is a nearly isothermal uplift process. The rock and mineral assemblages of the Bikou Group indicate that the blueschist facies metamorphism of the group might be related to crustal thickening or A-subduction accompanying the closure of an intracontinental small ocean basin.
【Fund】: This research is a project(No.49070098)supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China
【CateGory Index】: P588.3
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