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《地质学报(英文版)》 2014-06
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A Preliminary Study of Holocene Climate Change and Human Adaptation in the Horqin Region

MU Yan;QIN Xiaoguang;ZHANG Lei;XU Bing;Key laboratory of Cenozoic Geology and Environment, Institute of Geology and Geophysics,Chinese Academy of Sciences;  
Human activity during the Holocene in the Horqin region, northeastern China, has been widely documented. As an important proxy record of human activity, black carbon(BC) in sediments has been linked to climate change and human adaptation. A loess-paleosol section located in south Horqin was chosen for this study. Holocene climate change and human adaptation to the environment were discussed by analyzing BC, organic carbon(OC) and other proxies. The conclusions included:(1) before 3900 cal BP, human activity was closely related to the natural environment and cultural development was dominated by climate change. For example, the rapid decline of the agrarian Hongshan culture was caused by a slight decrease in temperature at ~5000 cal BP;(2) during 3900-3200 cal BP, the heavy dependence of human societies on nature gradually lessened and the ability of those human societies to adapt to the environment was enhanced. However, the farming-dominated Lower Xiajiadian culture was nonetheless replaced by the pastoralist Upper Xiajiadian culture due to an extremely cooling event at ~3200 cal BP;(3) during the late Holocene period, the marked influence of climate change on human activity might have lessened as a result of a clear improvement in human labor skills. After this, human living styles were influenced by cultural developments rather than climate change because humans had mastered more powerful means of productivity.
【Fund】: supported by theNational Scientific Foundation of China (grant nos. 41172158 40472094 and 40024202);; “973” (grant no. 2010CB950200);; the Strategic Priority Research program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (grant no. XDA05120502);; the Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (grant no. KZCX2YW-Q1-03)
【CateGory Index】: Q981;P532
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