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Crustal velocity structures beneath North China revealed by ambient noise tomography

Lihua Fang1,Jianping Wu1 Zhifeng Ding1 Weilai Wang1 and Giuliano Francesco Panza1,2,3 1 Institute of Geophysics,China Earthquake Administration,Beijing 100081,China 2 Department of Earth Sciences,University of Trieste,Trieste 34127,Italy 3 The Abdus Salam International Center for Theoretical Physics,Earth System Physics Section,Trieste 34151,Italy  
We collected continuous noise waveform data from January 2007 to February 2008 recorded by 190 broadband and 10 very broadband stations of the North China Seismic Array.The study region is divided into grid with interval 0.25°×0.25°,and group velocity distribution maps between 4 s and 30 s are obtained using ambient noise tomography method.The lateral resolution is estimated to be 20-50 km for most of the study area.We construct a 3-D S wave velocity model by inverting the pure path dispersion curve at each grid using a genetic algorithm with smoothing constraint.The crustal structure observed in the model includes sedimentary basins such as North China basin,Yanqing-Huailai basin and Datong basin.A well-defined low velocity zone is observed in the Beijing-Tianjin-Tangshan region in 22-30 km depth range,which may be related to the upwelling of hot mantle material.The high velocity zone near Datong,Shuozhou and Qingshuihe within the depth range of 1-23 km reveals stable characteristics of Ordos block.The Taihangshan front fault extends to 12 km depth at least.
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