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《Journal of Seismological Research》 1991-01
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FRACTAL FEATURES OF EARTHQUAKES AND ITS SIGNIFICANCE IN EARTHQUAKE PREDICTION

Zhu Chuanzhcn An Zhenwen Wang Linying Yao Donghua(Institute of Geophysics, SSB, Beijing).  
Rock fracture is a process of self-similarity, the pattern of earthquake distribution, as a result of fracture in earth crust, possesses fractal features both in time and space. From system theory and the fractal geometry point of view, the fractal structure of seismic activities before and after Tangshan, Haicheng and Songpan-Pingwu earthquakes, as well as Lingwu earthpuake swarm, Lancang earthquake sequence with maximum magnitude 5.0 occurred in August 1988 have been investigated by using Scale Transform method and Inserted space technique. The results show that the fractal dimensions of seismic activities prior to major earthquake (M≥7.0) occurrence are lower than that after the earthquake, the non-scale range of self-similarity in seismic pattern narrowed after the main shocks. It is also illustrated that the precursory earthquake sequences may be possessed of lower fractal dimension. In addition, the fractal characteristics of acoustic emission (AE) of rock samples under uniaxial pressure in laboratory has been studied. It is shown that the fractal dimensions of. AE sequences varied unmonotonously with time before fracture. Finally, Relationship between fractal dimension and entropy of earthquake distribution on the basic concepts of Dissipative Structure Theory are discussed briefly. Possible way in predicting earthquake by using variations of fractal dimension of seismic activities, and some problems needed further study arc outlined.
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