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《Journal of Seismological Research》 2014-02
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Research on Relationship between Geochemical Characteristics of Thermal Springs and Seismic Activity in Xiaojiang Fault Zone and its Adjacent Area

WANG Yun;ZHAO Ci-ping;LIU Feng;CHEN Kun-hua;RAN Hua;Earthquake Administration of Yunnan Province;  
The Xiaojiang Fault is not only a still-active fault nowadays but also a destructive earthquake-prone zone. In order to explore the coupling relationship between geochemical field and earthquake in specific areas and look for the specific precursor observational component,the geothermal reservoir temperatures of 95 thermal springs was selected and calculated in Xiaojiang fault zone and its adjacent areas. Using the hydrochemistry data( K+,Na+,Ca2 +,Mg2 +,SO2-4,Cl-,HCO-3) in the thermal springs,integrated with the regional tectonic features and regular pattern of seismic activity,the geochemical characteristics of hydrochemistry,water temperature,geothermal reservoir temperature and stable isotopes( δ13C,3He /4He) was studied. The results show that the high values area of main ion content,TDS,water temperature and geothermal reservoir temperatures mainly spatially distributed along the Xiaojiang Fault,and had the distribution characteristic of decreasing from north to south gradually. The moderate-strong earthquakes( M≥4. 7) occurred less in high-value region of water temperature and geothermal reservoir temperature,however the activity of the moderate-strong earthquakes was frequent and the intensity of it was relatively high in the low-value region. Stable isotope characteristics of carbon and helium showed that carbon isotope composition( δ13C) of CO2gas had obvious biogenic features,and the proportion of mantle-derived helium( percentage of mantle-derived He) was relatively low,which indicated that connectivity between crust and mantle was not well in the middle and south segment of Xiaojiang Fault,so the degasification almost occurred in the crust.
【Fund】: 云南省应用基础研究计划项目—云南地区温泉CO2释放与地震活动关系初步研究(2011FB129);; 地震科技星火计划攻关项目—强震的深源流体源兆捕捉——以云南宁洱为例(XH12042)联合资助
【CateGory Index】: P315.72
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