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《Chinese Journal of Child Health Care》 2015-01
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Analysis of the current childhood hypertension prevalence of 13~18 years old adolescents in Changsha city

QIU Jun;LU Xiu-lan;WANG Ke-wei;ZHU Sheng;WU Xiao-li;Department of Children's Intensive Research Center,Hunan Children's Hospital;Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology,Hunan Women and Children Health Hospital;  
Objective To know the current prevalence of hypertension of adolescents between 13 and 18years old in Changsha city and provide the scientific basis for prevention measures in childhood hypertension. Methods Cross-sectional analyses of a represent sample(n=16 843)in Chinese children and adolescents from 13 to 18years old were derived from12 middle schools and 12 high schools by a cluster sampling method.The blood pressure was measured in elected students.The data were analysed by SPSS 18.0statistical software. Results The mean of systolic blood pressure(SBP)was(103.90±10.42)mmHg,and the mean of diastolic blood pressure(DBP)was(66.83±6.68)mmHg in 16 843 elected students.In same age group,the mean of SBP and DBP in male was higher than in female students,and the difference was statistically significant(P0.05).The detection rates of prehypertension(PHTN)and hypertension(HTN)were increased with the growth of age from 13 to 18years old.The detection rates of prehypertension and hypertension were as10.34%(843/8 149)and 15.35%(1251/8 149)in male students respectively,while they were as 5.16%(449/8 694)and3.45%(300/8 694)in female students respectively.In same age,the distribution of different degree of childhood hypertension was statistically significant in different genders(P0.001). Conclusions The prevalence of childhood hypertension is high in 13 to 18years old adolescents in Changsha city.Therefore,the prehypertension and hypertension are adopted as primary prevention strategy to reduce the prevalence of hypertension in adolescents in China.
【CateGory Index】: R725.4
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