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《Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine》 2006-03
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HIV prevalence and risk factors of injection drug users in a county

XU Cui-ling,ZHENG Xi-wen,WANG Ning.Institute for Viral Disease Prevention and Control.China Center for Disease Prevention and Control.Beijing 100052,China  
Objective To assess HIV prevalence and explore the risk factors of HIV infection among injection drug users in a county.(Methods)The subjects in compliance with the criterion were enrolled from drug center and community from Nov.2003 to Mar.2004.The trained investigators conducted the interview in a single room using a questionnaire.The blood samples were collected for HIV antibody test.(Results) 269 subjects were investigated.HIV prevalence of IDUs is 26.0%(70/269).Multivariate logistic regression showed that the independent risk factors of HIV infection among IDUs were(OR=4.08,95% CI:1.65-10.08).Drug-injection was more than 1000 times(OR=7.45,95% CI:2.62-21.16) or between 100 and 999 times.(OR=3.03,,95% CI:1.04-8.86).Sharing needle in drug center(OR=8.32,95% CI:2.77-24.98) or sharing needle only outside the drug center was(OR=5.54,95% CI:1.97-15.60).Conclusion In the investigated county HIV prevalence of IDUs was relatively high.Intervention should be carried out,including public education on the risk of sharing needle,and strengthening management of drug center to prohibit smuggling drug.
【CateGory Index】: R512.91
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