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《FUDAN JOURNAL(SOCIAL SCIENCES EDITION)》 1997-02
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Non-institutionalization": Deficiencies in Scientific Development duriug the Miug and Qing Dynasties

Xiao Wei  
Compared with modern scientific "institutionalization" in Europe,advance of science in China during the Ming and Qing Dynasties,quick and tremendous as it was,did not result in a new scientific institution in the modern sense of the term. Since then the difference between the Western scientific circles and China,s has become greater and greater. This article makes an investigation on both the Chinese scene and the Western scene during this period,elucidating from several angles including whether the fundamental beliefs were changed or not,what different attitude towards utility there was,how different expressions of rationalism were, and whether there was progress or "restoration". The major argument is that deficiencies in scientific development during the Ming and QingDynasties lay in non-institutionalization.
【CateGory Index】: G322.9
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【Co-references】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 XU Man (Institute of Maxism Studying,Nan Kai University,Tianjin 300071,China);The approaches and methods for chinese students to promote the development of science and technology[J];Historiography Anhui;2003-05
2 XIE Chang- fa(Educational science Department of Hebei university.Hebei China);America Returned scholars And the Spreading And the Establishing of western science in China[J];Journal of Baoding Teachers College;2001-01
3 Jin Yao-ji;On China's "Modernization" and "Modernity": Restructuring a Civilized Order in Modern China[J];JOURNAL OF PEKING UNIVERSITY(HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES);1996-01
4 FANG Mei-ling (History Department,Beijing Institute of Education,Beijing 100011,China);On the Characteristics of the Mass Organizations of the Republic of China[J];JOURNAL OF BEIJING INSTITUTE OF EDUCATION;2000-03
5 Li Tiangang;Similarities and Dissimilarities between Catholicism and Confucinism:A Comment on Chinese and Western Cultural Theories in the End of the Ming Dynasty and the Beginning of the Qing Dynasty[J];FUDAN JOURNAL(SOCIAL SCIENCES EDITION);1997-03
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9 Fang Dingye(East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, 200237);Chemical Engineering: Past、 Present and Future[J];Chemical Industry and Engineering Progress;1999-05
10 Qiu Ruohong (Liberal Arts institute,Hunan Normal University,Changsha,Hunan,410081);A Summary of the Recent Two Decades' Study of the Science Trend in the Modern Times in China[J];JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE OF HUNAN NORMAL UNIVERSITY;1999-05
【Secondary References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 ZHANG Pei-fu,XIA Wen-hua(The Research Center for Philosophy of Science and Technology,Shanxi University,Taiyuan 030006,China);Inspection on the Development of Chemistry in Modern China in the Vision of History of Books[J];Journal of Shanxi University(Philosophy and Social Science Edition);2007-04
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