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Non-institutionalization": Deficiencies in Scientific Development duriug the Miug and Qing Dynasties

Xiao Wei  
Compared with modern scientific "institutionalization" in Europe,advance of science in China during the Ming and Qing Dynasties,quick and tremendous as it was,did not result in a new scientific institution in the modern sense of the term. Since then the difference between the Western scientific circles and China,s has become greater and greater. This article makes an investigation on both the Chinese scene and the Western scene during this period,elucidating from several angles including whether the fundamental beliefs were changed or not,what different attitude towards utility there was,how different expressions of rationalism were, and whether there was progress or "restoration". The major argument is that deficiencies in scientific development during the Ming and QingDynasties lay in non-institutionalization.
【CateGory Index】: G322.9
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