Where is the Frontier Pass:The Rise and Background of the Oriental Studies in Japan in the Late 19th and Early 20th Centuries
GE Zhao-guang(National Institute for Advanced Humanistic Studies, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China)
In the late 19th and early 20th Centuries, Asian history studies began to shape in Japan. This paper aims to discuss the academic change and political background of Asian history studies in its transitional period, and provides a review of the modern Chinese academic history in the perspective of this transition. With the influences both of the Oriental studies in Europe and the rise of Japan as well as the trend of Asianism, Japan's interests shifted from the traditional central China to the history and geography of minorities such as Manchu, Mongol, Western region, Tibet and Chosen, related with the reposition of Japan in the world and its ambition of territory expansion. Meanwhile, the research of the periphery's geography and history in China has no real relation with politics. Great political differences and historical consciousness can be found between the two countries over that period.
【CateGory Index】： G131.3