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《Journal of Chongqing University》 2011-06
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Phase behavior of biodiesel/diesel-ethanol-water micro-emulsion system

RUAN Deng-fang,WANG Wen-bin,LI Qiang-jun,LIU Bo,FAN Xi-ting(State Key Laboratory of Mechanical Transmission,Chongqing University,Chongqing 400044,P.R.China)  
The phase behavior of the biodiesel/diesel-ethanol-water micro-emulsion system is investigated with chemical titration,and the effect of the biodiesel to diesel ratio on the phase behavior is analyzed.The results indicate that there exists an isotropic single-phase region in which the system formulates stable isotropic micro-emulsions consisting of biodiesel,diesel,ethanol and water without involving any surfactants,which reveals that biodiesel can be used successfully as a surface-active agent,and that the single-phase area depends on the concentrations of different components.At higher ethanol concentrations and higher ratios of biodiesel to diesel,the width of single-phase area is increased and the maximum limit of water dissolved in the mixture of biodiesel-diesel-ethanol which form a stable single-phase micro-emulsion is increased with higher biodiesel concentrations in the case of a constant ethanol quantity.Finally,the maximum limit of dissolved water in the mixture of different components is obtained.
【Fund】: 重庆市自然基金资助项目(2008BB7050);; 重庆市科技攻关计划资助项目(2008AA6024)
【CateGory Index】: TK428.9
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