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《Journal of Subtropical Resources and Environment》 2008-02
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Reflection on the Concept and Dual Dimensions of Ecological Compensation:A Multi-discipline Perspective

XIE Jian-bin,HE Cheng-geng,ZHONG Quan-lin(Institute of Geography,Fujian Normal University,Fuzhou,China,350007)  
Ecological compensation was in recent years an increasing concern in China,yet regarding its essence and connotation there is still confusion.In this thesis,a semantic analysis was done upon eco-compensation,which indicated that the lost situation associated with compensatory activities and the relation domain wherein stakeholders would interact could be treated as two basic elements and provide a reliable base for further thinking.Then dual dimensions,the material one and the value one,of the topic were identified and,it was emphasized that parallel importance should be attached to both,especially the former must be highly regarded.This is mainly because the ultimate objective of eco-compensation is to enhance ecosystems′ self-organization or,in geography terms,to achieve the harmonization of man-nature relation.Hereby a key principle is that eco-compensation should be implemented in accordance with evolving phases of concerned ecosystems.Our insights would help to distinguish eco-compensation from other forms of economic compensation here and there in the society.When eco-compensation is to be practiced,in the form of economic approaches or legal instruments,underlying ecological mechanisms and rules should always be recognized and seriously taken into decision making.As for the value dimension of eco-compensation study,it was pointed out that misunderstandings existed,for instance,the notion of Ecological Benefits Compensation with its misleading effects.Finally,a few principles about setting economic standards for eco-compensation were put forward.
【Fund】: 福建省青年科技人才创新项目“资源环境评估的理论表达及其生态补偿研究”(2005J025);; 福建省自然科学基金项目(Z0515004);; 福建省重点建设项目“海峡西岸资源环境科技创新能力建设”
【CateGory Index】: X321
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