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《Environmental Science & Technology》 2008-07
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Safety Assessment of Tap Water Before and After Killing Bloodworm with Disinfection

YANG Yao1,2, ZHU Lin1, ZHU Xiao-shan1, LI Yan1, LANG Yu-peng1, WANG Ping1 (1.School of Environment Science and Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China; 2.Department of Ecology and Biodiversity, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR)  
Photobacterium phosphoreum toxicity test was undertaken to test the toxicity of tap water with bloodworm and tap water after killing bloodworm with chloramines, chlorine dioxide and hydrogen peroxide, for the purpose of assessing the potential effect to human health. Results showed that there was no obvious biotoxicity in tap water with bloodworm; chloramines with concentration less than 4mg/L had relatively good controlling effect to bloodworm, and the tap water after killing bloodworm with it possessed low health risk. Tap water after killing bloodworm even with a low concentration of 0.005% hydrogen peroxide had high biological toxicity, and hence the hydrogen peroxide should not be considered as a routine disinfectant for controlling bloodworm in water supply. Chlorine dioxide with concentration of 6~8mg/L which was determined to be low noxious, can exterminate bloodworm effectively, and the risk of disinfection byproduct to human health was low.
【Fund】: 国家863计划项目“北方地区安全饮用水保障技术”经费资助(2002AA601140);; 南开大学“学生创新科研基金”支持
【CateGory Index】: TU991
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