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《Environmental Science & Technology》 2012-S2
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Study and Advances in Research on Adaptation under Global-Change

SHEN Sha-sha1,2,GAO Qun1,CHEN Shuang1,ZHANG Yin-jun3(1.Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Nanjing 210008,China;2.Graduate University,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China;3.China National Environmental Monitoring Centre,Beijing 100012,China)  
Adaptation has been highlighted in the field of global environmental change with bio-physical changes on the surface of the earth.As for the status quo of related research at home and abroad,this article identify the relevant concepts of global change,vulnerability,adaptation and mitigation in earth sciences and conclude the advances in adaptation,which can be divided into two phase: adaptation which attached to vulnerability and individual adaptation.Regarding vulnerability as the adaptability function,the previous stage is mainly focused on the vulnerability framework,vulnerability assessment of adaptation index research,hierarchy analyze on influence factor and strategy research.The framework of individual adaptation is summarized from point view of geo-science,including adaptive object,adaptive subject,adaptive strategy and adaptive effects.Adaptive capacity represented by Index Evaluation Method and adaptive strategy represented by Scenario Simulation are emphasized.The scaling issues of adaptation study are strengthened under the geo-science field,so analysis on adaptive capacity and adaptive measures at different scales and reason of spatiotemporal difference require further study to establish a cross-scale adaptation framework.The strong interaction zone as global change in urban areas should be in-depth study of its ability and strategies to adapt to global change.At the same time should strengthen the adaptability of technology and tools to enhance scientific accuracy of adaptive capacity assessment and adaptation strategies.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX2-EW-315)
【CateGory Index】: X171
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