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《Environmental Science & Technology》 2015-05
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Parameters Optimization about Household Kitchen Waste Compost Based on Objective of Waste Reduction and Recycling

XU Wanying;SHAO Lei;ZHOU Chuanbin;WANG Rusong;State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology,Research Center for Eco-environmental Science,Chinese Academy of Sciences;  
It is of significance for MSW integrated management that kitchen organic waste is reduced and recycled in household scale, because more than 50% of MSW is kitchen organic waste. Compost machine of household has been widely adopted abroad but the machine parameters are not suitable for development of domestic compost machine because of the differences of kitchen organic waste in China. In this study, orthogonal control experimental was designed with regard to the main impact factors of ventilation, temperature, microorganism and moisture content in view of characteristics of domestic kitchen organic waste. Then, the optimization process parameters were studied based on objective of waste reduction and recycling that weight loss rate was the indicator of waste reduction and E4/E6, N, P, K were indicators of waste recycling.Results demonstrated that the effect of waste reduction was affected by temperature and moisture content that high temperature and low moisture content were benefit to weight loss of kitchen waste. Waste recycling was affected by microorganism which was the inhibitor of P, K losses. Finally, optimal combination of waste reduction was ventilation of 5 L/min, temperature of 65 ℃, microorganism of 5 g and moisture content of 63.4%, and optimal combination of recycling was ventilation of 13 L/min, temperature of 45 ℃, microorganism of 5 g and moisture content of 70.4%.
【Fund】: “十二五”科技支撑计划(2012BAC13B04);; 国家自然科学基金(41201579)
【CateGory Index】: X799.3
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