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《Journal of Fujian College of Forestry》 1988-03
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THE RESEARCH OF CHINESE FIR IN CHINA

Yu Xintuo ( Fujian College of Forestry )  
Oa the basis of the author's long-time research experiences on Chinese fir and a great number of literatures published,the research results in the fields of physiology, ecology, genetic breeding, afforestation and forest management and so on for Chinese fir are summarized. The features on the development of Chinese fir research in the past 10 years are as follows.(1) The research on the basic theory of Chinese fir has been reinforced, for example, research on biology, genetic variance, fine seeds selecting and breeding, physiological and ecological traits, productivity of plantations and nutrient circulation etc.(2) Some fruits of basic research on Chinese fir management have been achieved, for example, the district classification of Chinese fir growing regions, stand sorting system, and site index table constructing etc.(3) The research methods have developed gradually from determining the nature to determining quantity and position, for example, quantisation site index table, forest density management diagram etc. Obtained.(4) A complete set of the technical measures for Chinese fir afforestation have been established gradually and have been systematized.Generally speaking, the research on Chinese fir is still being at the beginning stage, many other productive techniques have not been resolved completely yet, some research projects need further study, some areas have remained unexplored.From now on, following fields on the Chinese fir research need deep study.(1) There are a large amount of the middle and young forests with very low yield per unit area now, what measures should be taken for improving the yield?(2) Fine seeds selecting and breeding should be suited to the requirements for the variable stands and their different applications, and at the sametime should take the responding cultural technology.(3) The soil fertility of the Chiness fir stands has been failing seriously, what shall we do to keep the Chinese fir fast-growing with high yield constantly?(4) In order to offer theoretical base for building a new cultural system, we should study in the fields of the species selecting, disposing, their level constructing and nutrients circulating from the view point of ecological system. we must strengthen the basic research, for example, on Chinese fir physiology-ecology and genetics; pay attention to collecting basic information, The author proposes that a natural research center for Chinese fir be set up so as to unify planning with due consideration for all concerned, to share the work and cooperate with one another to sped up the research work.
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