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《Journal of Fujian College of Forestry》 1989-03
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Effect of Control Burning on the Ecological System of Chinese fir Plantation

I Apreliminary study on the soil erosion and water loss during the begining of control burning Yu Xintuo Yang Yusheng He Zhiying Ma Xiangqing (Fujian Forestry College) Wu Zhuoxi Li Zhenwen ( Yousi Research Institute of Forestry)  
The method of the fixed position observation of the runoff plot was used in thsi paper to study difference of soil and water loss between the control burning and not burned. The results obtained from this study showed that the soil erosion, water and fertilty loss were very serious in the first year after control burning, theannual runoff amount of the control burning was 2743.49m3/ha; the loss of soil was 24.811T/haperyear, 11 times and 88 times that of the not burned, respectively. Soil erosion and water loss would be compared with nutrients. The losses of the organic matter, the availabilility of N, P, and K were 15 times, 24 times, 16 times and 5 times as large as that of the not burnt, respectively. Through the regression analysis, the results showed the control burning was the main factor affecting the soii erosion and water loss in the studied area. The slope of 24-32 was probably 1he critical slope of rainfall surface erosion intensity under this experimental condition.
【Fund】: 国家“七五”攻关项目
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