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Studies on Soil Microbiological Characteristics of Evergreen Broad leaved Forest in Northern Fujian Province

SONG Zhang 1,ZHU Jin mao 2,YANG Yu sheng 1 (1. Dept. of Resources and Environment, Fujian College of Forestry, Nanping 353001, China; 2. Bioengineering College, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007,China)  
Two types of evergreen broad leaved forest were selected as study object, one type is in Wanmulin Nature Reserve, Jian'ou city, where typical evergreen broad leaved forest have been conserved about 600 years ( conserved forest, CF).Another type is in Yuankeng town, Shunchang county, which is the degraded forest (degraded forest, DF) caused by human disturbance (from 1950') .The difference of quantitative distribution of soil microbes, several main microbial physiological groups and main soil chemical properties were compared. The results showed that the essential nutrient contents of soil declined remarkably in DF communities. The results of soil micro flora showed that the total of soil microorganisms and the quantity of bacteria and several main microbial physiological groups in CF communities were obviously greater than those in DF communities. However, the number of soil fungi and actinomycetes were more abundant in DF communities. The amount variation of the three types of microorganism and its main microbial physiological groups in rhizosphere soil and non rhizosphere soil in DF communities indicates the dynamic process of soil degradation. The results provided scientific evidences for revealing mechanism of soil degradation, restoring species diversity, and finding out technique ways of prevention.
【Fund】: 福建省自然科学基金资助项目! ( C940 0 2 )
【CateGory Index】: S718.8
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