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《Journal of Fujian College of Forestry》 2010-01
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Optimum process conditions of nanocellulose crystal and morphology characterization

TANG Li-rong,HUANG Biao,DAI Da-song,LI Yu-hua,OU Wen,CHEN Yan-dan,CHEN Xue-rong(College of Material Engineering,Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University,Fuzhou,Fujian 350002,China)  
Nanocellulose crystal (NCC) was prepared from microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) by hydrolysis with sulfuric acid.The effect of the sulfuric acid concentration,reaction temperature and hydrolysis time on the yield of NCC was analyzed.On the other hand,the optimized test parameters were achieved by conducting orthogonal experiment.The morphology and size distribution of microcrystalline cellulose and nanocellulose crystal were characterized by field emission gun environment scanning electron microscopes (ESEM-FEG) and field emission transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM).The results showed that with the sulfuric acid concentration 56%,reaction temperature 40 ℃ and the hydrolysis time 90 min,the yied of NCC is the highest,up to 55.40%,and the nanocellulose crystal observed by means of ESEM-PEG turns out to be rod-like.Moreover,the size of NCC decreases signficantly,compared with MCC.The diameter of NCC is about 2-24 nm,with the length of 50-450 nm.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(30771682);; “十一五”国家科技支撑资助项目(2008BADA9B0501)
【CateGory Index】: TB383.1
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