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《Journal of Fujian Forestry Science and Technology》 2007-01
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A study on spatial distribution of vegetation in relation to the slope orientation in Nuozhadu Nature Reserve of Yunnan

YU Qing-guo1,2,KANG Xin-gang1,CAO Shunwei2,DENG Xi-qing2,LU Shuang-zhen2(1.College of Resources and Environmental,Beijing Forestry University,Beijing 100083,China;2.Yunnan Institute for Forest Inventory and Planning,Kunming,Yunnan 650051,China)  
To study the vegetation distribution pattern in relation to slope orientation in Nuozhadu Nature Reserve,a digital elevation model was developed from a digital map by using ArcView and ERDAS;layers of vegetation by slope orientations of east,south,west,north,northeast,southeast,northwest and southwest and layers for the 8 slope orientation by 13 altitude classes were obtained from the digital elevation model by using ArcMap,and a 3D digital vegetation distribution map for vegetation of 8 slope orientations was made based on data from a vegetation map,then areas of the 9 natural vegetation types were calculated by 8 slope orientations,and areas of the 8 slope orientations were further calculated by 13 altitude classes with the aid of EXCEL;and the correlation between vegetation distribution and slope orientation was analyzed by using SPSS.The results were as follows: ① Of the 9 natural vegetation types,8 were found in all 8 slope orientation classes with the valley savanna as the only exception found in east,southeast,south,southwest and west orientations.② The dominant vegetation for all 8 slope orientation classes was the same: monsoon evergreen broadleaved forest.③ Slope orientation showed very significant impact on vegetation distribution for seasonal rain forest and valley savanna,moderate impact for deciduous seasonal rain forest and warm temperate conifers,minor impact for mountain rain forest,tropical bamboo forest and warm hot savanna,and no impact for monsoon evergreen broadleaved forest and warm hot conifers.④ Adaptable slope orientations for the 9 natural vegetation types had been confirmed.
【Fund】: 中荷合作云南省森林保护与社区发展项目;; 北京林业大学资源与环境学院重点实验室项目(JD100220533)
【CateGory Index】: S718.5
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