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《Journal of Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University(Natural Science Edition)》 1987-02
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STUDIES ON THE GRAIN-FILLING CHARACTERISTICS OF HYBRID RICE

Wu Zhiquang, Lin Wengxiong and Liang Yiyuan (Dept, of Agronomy, FAC)  
This paper deals with the grain-filling characteristics of hybrid rice and the relationship between the traits and climatic conditions. The data obtained from the test materials, the Shanyou 3, Siyou 2 and Weiyou 64 sown under different times in 1979 and 1985 at the FAC experimental station, were analysed with the correlation, non-linear regression and path analysis. Results are summarized as follows: 1. From the period of fertilization to full maturation, the grain development and accumulation of starch in weak grain rice were slower than the vigorous ones. The percentage of weak grains appeared higher in the hybrid rice, so it gave two peaks of grain filling. The investigation showed that Shanyou 3 had two peaks of grain-filling appeared at the 12th and the 30th days after flowering. 2. The duration of grain-filling in hybrid rice included five stages from fertilization to full maturation. The Shanyou 3 grain development and accumlation of starch procceded slowly within 0-5th days after flowering. Full illumination and high temperature were observed to be required during this stage. When the range of temperature was 19-30℃, the rate of grain-filling fluctuated positively in correlation to temperature. Most of the vigorous grain accelerated filling in 6-12th days after flowering. accumulated But, from the 13 to 25th days after flowering, the amount of starch, in the grain declined. Within the 25-32th days after flowering, the amount of starch proceeding to the grain increased again and reached the maximum. This was in pace with the filling rate of most weak grain stopped at the 32th day after flowering. 27.28℃ mean daily temperature, 75% R. H.and hours sunshine per day were optimum environmental condition for filling 6.5 in 6-15th days after flowering; 22.23℃ and 70-80% R. H. were required in the late maturation period. Sometimes, the percentage of nonfully filling grains increased, the daily highest temperature more than 35℃ occured in the 6-10th or 16-20th day after flowering. 3. The percentage of full grains, wt. of grains and yield might reduce, if adverse weather conditions occurred or if the upper leave withered early at late growing period. Since the grain filling of hyarid rice has one peak only,the field management must be very careful before harvest.
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