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《Journal of Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University(Natural Science Edition)》 1993-02
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Agro-physio-ecological Characteristics of Two-line Rice Hybrids Ⅳ.The Physiological Aspect of Grain Filling Behavior With the Different Crosses

Zhuang Baohua HongZhifan Lin Fei Zhou Yifei HuangJinwen Zhu Chaozhi (Dept.of Agronomy,FAC,Fuzhou 350002)  
The differences of grain filling on sink basis and the related physiological aspects of some two-line rice crosses were studied with a three-line cross Shanyou 63 as control,using Logistic growth equa- tion,W=A/(1+Be~(-kl)),to simulate the filling processes,in combination with the analysis of the dry mat- ter production after heading.The results were:(1)the great differences of the strong and weak sink filling processes were observed between the Ⅰ and Ⅱ branches of a panicle for all tested crosses;the overlapping pe- riods of linear filling phases of Ⅰ and Ⅱ branches could last for 8-11 days;it was obvious that filling compe- tition for assimilate may commonly exist in a panicle.(2)the crosses with large sink could make a full play for leaf photosynthesis,showing high NAR during the filling period;Yet,the sink/source ratios were remarka- bly higher for these crosses because of much less of the leaf area duration,which may be the main cause why the general filling rates were lower and the filling differences between the strong and weak branches were larger for them.(3)strong(Ⅰ)branches of the tested crosses generally had faster filling starting ability and larger early filling power,indicating perfect superiority for assimilate competition.Therefore the large amounts of difference in sink plumpness would be due to the proportion of the sink with functioning prob- lems and the change of translocation capacity of the crosses.
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