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《福建农业大学学报》 2003-04
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The change of the chromosome number in the embryogenic calli and in the process of the somatic embryogenesis in litchi

HUANG Su-hua~(1,2,3), LAI Zhong-xiong~(1,2)(1.Institute of Horticultural Biotechnology, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002, China;2.Institute of Subtropical Fruits, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002, China;3.Department of Biology, Longyan Teachers College, Longyan, Fujian 364000, China)  
The variation of the chromosome number existed in all the cultures in the embryonic calli and in the process of somatic embryogenesis in litchi (Litchi chinensis Sonn.). Besides the normal chromosome number of 2n=2x=30, a lot of cells with abnormal chromosome number were observed. Plant growth regulators, the time of subculture, genotypes and explants had some effects on the number of the chromosome. The variation of the chromosome number affected the frequency of plant regeneration via somatic embryogenesis to some extent, but a large number of somatic embryos formed from embryogenic calli.
【Fund】: 霍英东教育基金会高等学校青年教师基金(71026);; 国家自然科学基金(39870544)资助项目.
【CateGory Index】: S667.1
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