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Relationship between culm traits and lodging resistance of rice cultivars

YANG Hui\|jie 1,2 ,YANG Ren\|cui 1,LI Yi\|zhen 2,JIANG Zhao\|wei 2, ZHENG Jing\|sheng 2 (1 Institute of Genetics and Crop Breeding,Fujian Agricultural University,Fuzhou 350002,China; 2 Institute of Rice and Wheat, Fujian Academy of Agricul  
Super high\|yielding rice cultivars which were newly bred in China was used to study the relationship between culm traits and lodging resistance . The results indicated that thicker culms were associated with larger panicles; dry matter stored in stem and sheath played an active role in seed development. The breaking\|resistant strength of culm was positively correlated with the amount of dry matter stored in stem and thickness of culm. Lodging index was positively correlated with plant height and bending moment, negatively correlated with thickness of culm and breaking\|resistant strength; however, there was no relationship between lodging index and internode cross\|sectional thickness. The results showed that thicker culms was benefit to larger panicles, so it is important to control plant height properly, breed cultivar of thicker culm, increase dry matter of stem and improve the development of mechanical tissue to strengthen lodging ability.
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