The Enlightenment Movement During the Reform Period and the Change of Cultural Orientation
JIANG Cheng-hua (Teaching Corps of Fujian Provincial Party Committee of the CPC, Fuzhou 350003, China)
While China moves towards modernity from the tradition, the Enlightenment Movement during the Reform Period is a key point in the radical change of thought. The reformers were active in organizing societies, establishing the newspapers and periodicals, trying to abolish the Eight-part Essay (a stereotyped writing), revitalizing schools, criticizing autocratic monarchy and the Confucianists' ethics, and recommending the humanistic spirit of the capitalist class, thus launching a far-reaching enlightenment movement. Undergoing such stages as the Ten Thousand Wooden Thatched Cottage, Wu Xu Reform and exile abroad, which altogether lasted for more than ten years, reformers like Kang Youwei, Liang Qichao, Tan Sitong and Yan Fu, bravely broke down all kinds of restriction on the free exercise of reason. The awakening of reason and the open exercise of it is the first try that resulted in an irreversible significance. With the germinating of the modernity thought, there occurred the modernity change of cultural orientation, which was symbolized in the "New Learning."
【CateGory Index】： K256.5