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《Journal of Lake Science》 2005-01
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Influence of Different Pre-treatments on Grain-size Measurement of Lake Sediments

WANG Junbo & ZHU Liping (Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, P. R. China) (Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, P. R. China) (Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, CAS, Beijing 100085, P. R. China)  
As an important environmental index, grain-size character of lake sediments has been widely used in the lake sediment and environmental change studies, accurate measurement is an indispensable requisition for its application. In the depositing process of the lake sediments, chemical and physical change can be taken place and some organic matter, some carbonate may form, organic matter and carbonate can make the sediments cement, and the cementation is not helpful for the grain-size measurement , so pre-treatments is very necessary to get accurate grain-size data. There are some differences in the pre-treatments of lake sediments measurement in different laboratories. Here we present our experimental data of lake sediment grain-size measurement from two different lakes. Based on different pre-treatments, the results of the measurements were analyzed and compared, and two preferable pre-treatment methods were presented. The results indicate that the sediments from different lakes have different responds to different pre-treatment, it can be seen from the whole samples that the pre-treatment that dipping in the distilled water and dispersed by ultrasonic( method F-10 in the text) obtained the best dispersing effect, and the traditional pre-treatment (method E-3 in the text) , which is also the most common use one, also got rather good results. Whereas pre-treated by (NaPO3 )6could make the sediment particles easily to be shattered by ultrasonic and then another very thin particle peak appeared, possibly (NaPO3 )6 , as a kind of dispersant, decreasing the flocculation effect between the particles and then the direct striking effect to the particles of the ultrasonic strengthened, under the strong striking, particles can be broken up. We believe that the bimodal distribution curves do not reflect the real condition of the samples, and this kind of abnormal distribution can bring false environmental information, more attention need to pay to this phenomena when measuring the grain-size of the lake sediments.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程项目(KZCX3-SW-339) 国家自然科学基金重点项目(40331006)联合资助.2004-05-28
【CateGory Index】: P343.3
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Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 Zhang Xiangsong, Sun Zuozhe, Zhang Jinhua and Kang Xingcheng (Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology, Academia Sinica);Some Relationships of the Fluctuation of Glacier No.1 with Climatic Change at the Source of Urumqi River, Tianshan[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;1984-04
2 Chen Jiyang (Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology, Chinese Academy of Sciences);The Division of the Holocene Moraine Strata and Their Chronology in Western Mountainous Area of China[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;1987-04
3 ;Significance and Research on the Two Boreholes of Tianshuihai in the West Kulun Mountains[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;1991-02
4 Ye Baisheng, Li Shijie and Shi Yafeng (Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,730000);Investigation of Climatic Conditions by the Glacier Extension in the Last Glacier Maximum[J];JOURNAL OF GLACIOLGY AND GEOCRYOLOGY;1997-01
5 Yuan Yujiang, Hu Liequn and Li Jiangfeng (Xinjiang Institute of Meteorology, Urumqi 830002);The Preliminary Study of the Features of the Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Surface Water Resources and Their Variation in the Northern Xinjiang[J];JOURNAL OF GLACIOLGY AND GEOCRYOLOGY;1997-03
6 Zhao Jingbo (Xian College of Geology);THE STUDY ON THE RED SOIL OF NEOGENE IN XIAN AND BAODE OF SHANXI[J];Acta Sedimentologica Sinica;1989-03
7 LI Yuan; LI Ren-wei; SHANG Yu-min; LI Ning-bo (Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Dewai Street Beijing, 100029)(Urban Rurai Constraction and Environment-protection Bureau of Dali Bei Nationality Automous Prefecture, Dali, Yunnan, P R China;The Environment Sedimentological Study on Erhai Lake, Yunnan Province-Sediments particle size distribution, flow direction and energy distribution[J];ACTA SEDIMENTOLOGICA SINICA;1999-S1
8 SUN Dong huai 1 LU Hua yu 1 DAVID Rea 2 SUN You bin 1 WU Sheng guan 1 1 (Xi′an Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Chinese Academy of Science Xi′an 710054) 2 (Department of Geological Science,University of Michigan USA);Bimode Grain-Size Distribution of Chinese Loess and Its Paleoclimate Implication[J];ACTA SEDIMENTOLOGICA SINICA;2000-03
9 CHEN Jing an WAN Guo jiang XU Jing yi (State Key Lab of Environmental Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang 550002);Sediment Particle Sizes and the Dry-Humid Transformation of the Regional Climate in Erhai Lake[J];ACTA SEDIMENTOLOGICA SINICA;2000-03
10 CHENG Peng 1 GAO Shu 1 LI Xu sheng 2 1(Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao,Shandong 266071) 2(Department of Urban and Resources, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093);Evaluation of a Wide Range Laser Particle Size Analyses and Comparison with Pipette and Sieving Methods[J];Acta Sedimentologica Sinica;2001-03
China Proceedings of conference Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 Li Yuanfan Zhang Qingsong and Li BingyuanInstitute of Geography ,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101;OSTRACOD FAUNA AND ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES SINCE LATE PLEISTOCENE IN THE WESTERN QINGHAI-XIZANG PLATEAU[A];[C];1994
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