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《Journal of Lake Sciences》 2006-05
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Analysis on the runoff and sediment transportation in the Houkou,Waizhou and Meigang Stations of Lake Poyang during 1955-2001

GUO Peng~1 CHEN Xiaoling~2 LIU Ying~2 1:State Key Lab.of Information Engineering in Surveying,Mapping and Remote Sensing,Wuhan Univ.,Wuhan 430076,P.R.China) 2:Key Lab.of Eco-environment and Resources of Poyang Lake of MOE,Jiangxi Narmal Univ.,Nanchang 330027,P.R.China  
The changing characteristics and tendency of runoff and sediment transport in the Poyang Lake seriously affected the sustainable development in the Lake Poyang area and the middle reach of the Yangtze River.This pa- per statistically analyses the runoff and sediment transport of 3 major stations in the Lake Poyang catchment.Com- pared with the annual runoff and sediment transport before 1990,there were some obviously changes of annual sedi- ment transport in the term of 1990-2001.Through several non-panuneter statistical methods such as the moving av- erage,the Spearman order correlativity and the linear regression analysis,the paper concludes that during the last five decades(1955-2001),an increase of runoff at Hukou Station was noted while no obvious sediment transporta- tion decrease was observed;as to the Waizhou Station,the sediment transportation was decreased;in Meigang Sta- tion,the increase of runoff was small whereas the sediment transportation changed little.The rainfall variation,wa- ter-soil erosion measures,reservoir built and the evolution of land use etc.could the major factors that lead to such change.That the human activity have played a more important role,especially in the past decades.
【Fund】: “973”项目(2003CB415205);; 江西师范大学鄱阳湖生态环境与资源研究教育部重点实验室开放基金项目(200401006(1))联合资助.
【CateGory Index】: P333.4
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