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《Powder Metallurgy Technology》 2005-04
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Influences of metallic additive on microstructures and interface-bonding of ceramic-lined composite pipes fabricated by the SHS process

Zhang Long,Zhao Zhongmin,Cao Jinrong,Lu Daqin,Wang Jianjiang(Institute of Advanced Materials,Ordnance Engineering College,Shijiazhuang 050003,China)  
On the basis of using gravitational separation Self-propagation High-temperature Synthesis(SHS) process to produce ceramic-lined composite pipes,the composite pipes with three-layer structure (steel substrate,intermediate alloy and lined ceramics) were fabricated by adding (TiO_2+Al+C) subsystem and Ni metallic additive into(CrO_3+Al) combustion system and adjusting composition proportion between two sides,and influences of Ni metallic additive on combustion behaviors,in-situ synthesis and distribution of carbide with Ti enrichment in the intermediate,micro-bonding between metal and ceramics as well as mechanical properties of the pipes were investigated.The experiment results indicate that with increasing weight fraction of Ni powder and reducing weight fraction of(TiO_2+Al+C) subsystem,adiabatic combustion temperature and combustion velocity of the whole system are increased,and adding and melting of Ni promotes substoichiometric carbides with Ti enrichment to be formed through mass transport in the liquid phase,meanwhile also promotes substoichiometric carbides with Ti enrichment to be remelted and dissolved in metallic melts,subsequently carbide with Ti enrichment are formed in the intermediate with grated distribution through crystallization.Mechanical test and SEM observation show that adding right amount of Ni powder will cause volume fraction and distribution of carbide in the intermediate to be controlled,and is advantageous to joining of ceramics,intermediate alloy and steel substrate,resulting in increasing of radial crushing strength and compressive shear strength of the composite pipes greatly.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(59972043);; 军械工程学院科研基金资助项目(YJJXM02013)
【CateGory Index】: TB333;
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