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《Radialization Protection》 2001-05
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RADON EXPOSURE IN THE ETIOLOGY OF LUNG CANCER OF MINERS IN YUNNAN TIN CORPORATION

Sun Shiquan Qiao Youlin Yao Shuxiang Zhang Jingyuan You Zhanyun Liu Yunyuan Zhang Fuming Wang Xehua(China Institute for Radiation Protection, Taiyuan, 030006)  
Review and analysis on the etiology of lung cancer of miners in Yunnan Tin Corporation (YTC) were based on the reports of field monitoring, epidemiological investigation and clinical/laboratory studies published in the recent 30 years by the authors, then radon and radon/arsenic combination in the etiology of YTC lung cancer could be identified. Field investigation and skeletal 210 Pb levels measured by whole body counter showed that, estimation of risk coefficient for radon induced lung cancer and adjustment for arsenic exposure based on epidemiological studies were hampered by high correlation between cumulative exposure to radon and arsenic, and incomplete monitoring data of radon. Follow up of miners started working underground since 1960s has obtained more convinced results to estimate the risk coefficient, because dust exposure was reduced greatly than radon after 1960s. Comparison with uranium mine, pathohistogenetic study and animal experiments were made to estimate the combined effect of arsenic, which may be less than 1/3 in the etiology of lung cancer of YTC miners. This paper indicated the underestimate of risk coefficient of radon induced lung cancer for YTC miners reported by domestic and foreign authors, because of inappropriate arsenic adjustment. So that their results are unsuitable to be used in the risk control and risk projection for radon in China. The standard for diagnosis of radiogenic cancer including radon induced lung cancer has been completed as National Standard. (
【CateGory Index】: R734.2
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