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《Journal of Liaoning University of Petroleum & Chemical Technology》 2009-03
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Biodiesel Preparation via Transesterification on Silica Sulfonic Acid Solid Catalyst

ZHANG Jing-yu1,REN Li-guo2* (1.Yuncheng Normal School,Yuncheng Shandong 242700,P.R.China;2.School of Chemistry and Materials Science,Liaoning University of Petroleum & Chemical Technology,Fushun Liaoning 113001,P.R.China) Received 12 December 2008;revised 1 March 2009;accepted 26 April 2009  
The silica sulfonic acid(SiO2-SO3H) sold acid catalysts was prepared with chlorosulfonic acid reacting with the silica prepared in sol-gel method.The catalyst was used for the transesterification of soybean and ethanol to form biodiesel.Experiments have proved that the yield of ethyl esters reached over 95.6% under the condition: treatment of catalyst at 120 ℃,molar ratio of ethanol and oil is 6∶1,the mass fraction of catalyst in oil 5.0%,the mass fraction of heptane in oil 30.0% and refluxe time 6.0 h.The results show that the catalyst so prepared has a better adaptability than the solid bases catalysts to the acidity of raw oil.
【CateGory Index】: TE667
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