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《China Powder Science and Technology》 2007-03
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Pyrolysis of Biomass and Upgrading of Bio-oil

LIU Bao-yong, GUO Zhen, GUO Qing-jie, CHEN Shuang,LIU Hui-e (State Key Laboratory of Heavy Oil Processing, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering,China University of Petroleum,Dongying 257061, China)  
Biomass is the fourth largest source of energy for human being, and is a green renewable resource also. It is very important to develop and utilize biomass. Pyrolysis including slow pyrolysis and fast pyrolysis is one of the most important approaches of biomass thermochemical conversion. Fast pyrolysis aiming to gain tar is the focus of current research. Principle of pyrolysis was presented in detail. The effects of properties of feed, temperature, heating rate, residence time and mineral matter on pyrolysis process were discussed. The characteristics of circulating fluidized beds and free-fall reactors (typical pyrolysis reactors) were described. In addition, pyrolysis catalysts and upgrading methods of bio-oil which include catalytic hydrotreatment and catalytic cracking were discussed. The new development of biomass pyrolysis was predicted.
【Fund】: 教育部科学技术重点项目 编号:105106;; 山东省科技攻关重点项目 编号:2004GG2207015
【CateGory Index】: TK6
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