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《Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry》 2008-02
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Ex-situ Plating Bismuth Film on Platinum Electrode for the Determination of Trace Lead and Cadmium by Differential Pulse Stripping Voltammetry

Gong Wei-Lei,Du Xiao-Yan,Wang Shu-Ran,Jiang Xian-Chen,Sun Qian(Public Health College,Harbin Medical University,Harbin 150081)  
Bismuth film modified platinum(Pt) electrode was prepared by an ex-situ plating for the simultaneous determination of a trace level of Pb2+ and Cd2+ by differential pulse stripping voltammetry(DPSV).Pb and Cd formed alloys with bismuth and displayed well-defined peaks in differential pulse stripping voltammetry.The conditions of several key operational parameters such as the deposition time of Bi3+,pH of supporting electrolyte,preconcentration time and potential were optimized.Following a 180-s preconcentration,the concentration series ranged from 10-100 μg/L,20-200 μg/L and 50-500 μg/L for the simultaneons determination of Pb2+ and Cd2+ ions were examined with all the correlation coefficients ≥0.999.The oxidation peak currents change linearly with the concentration of Pb2+ and Cd2+ in the range of 10-500 μg/L,and the detection limits were 0.38 and 0.82 μg/L for Pb2+ and Cd2+,respectively.The modified electrode was applied to the determination of Pb2+ ion in vegetables. Comparing the result with that of atomic fluorescence spectrometry(APS),the concordance of results was satisfactory.
【Fund】: 黑龙江省科技攻关项目基金资助项目(No.GB05C101-02)
【CateGory Index】: O657.1
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