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《Analytical Laboratory》 2005-09
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Determination of silver, cadmium and bismuth in geological samples by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry with aqua regia treatment

ZHOU Li-ping and LI Zhong-xi(Northwest Geological Research Institute, Xi′an 710054)  
A method for simultaneous determination of trace sliver, cadmium and bismuth in geological samples by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry was developed. The experiments showed that almost all of analyte elements (Ag, Cd, Bi) and only a few of the interfering elements (Zr, Nb, Mo) were dissolved using aqua regia in a boiling water bath, and the analyte elements were separated from the interfering elements in sample digestion process and the potential interference of polyatomic ions ()~(93)Nb~(16)O~+, ()~(92)Zr~(16)OH~+, ()~(92)Mo~(16)OH~+, ()~(95)Mo~(16)O~+, ()~(94)Zr~(16)OH~+ and ()~(94)Mo~(16)OH~+ in ()~(109)Ag~+ and ()~(111)Cd~+ determination were decreased. The method detection limits (10σ, DF=300) were 5.1, 4.3 and 10.5 ng/g (dry mass) for sliver, cadmium and bismuth, respectively. Precision (n=7) was between 1.8 and 8.7% RSD. The method was applied to the determination of trace Ag, Cd and Bi in a series of Chinese geological reference materials (soils, stream sediments and rocks), and the results were found to be in reasonable agreement with the certified values.
【CateGory Index】: P575;O657.63
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